confederate soldiers motivation

White immigrants also introduced the issue of different religions - Roman Catholicism and Judaism had both become important facets of the Northern religious scene by the time of the Civil War, but less so in the South. However, the same could be said of the pro-slavery forces in the 'Bleeding Kansas' conflict shortly before the War. Morgan hit a few other towns, but made a quick exit into Ohio as some 65,000 Hoosier men volunteered to fight against him in just forty-eight hours. Jefferson Finis [1] Davis (3 de junio de 1808-6 de diciembre de 1889) fue un político estadounidense que sirvió como el único presidente de los estados confederados desde 1861 hasta 1865. There is a debate about the reasons and cause of the American Civil War. You see, the infamous murder can be traced back to the president’s actions during the conflict – and one in particular set Booth on edge. That said, the motivation was most likely that of nearly all soldiers who are fighting mostly on "their own" soil - defense of family, friends, hearth and … You can not fight a war with volunteers unless the population is strongly motivared. Union soldiers and even several Presidents honored the courage and valor of the Confederate veterans and did not begrudge them their statutes which stood as memorials to their fallen heroes and the lives lost in that war. Splitting the criticism avoids, or at least sidesteps, that judgement. Some months later, in spring of 1865, the war is finally over. Well it seems like everyone is agreeing, so I guess I have to be THAT guy. While virtually all 19th Century white people were racist by any modern standard of racism, blacks - slave and free alike - were certainly treated worse in the South. Religious differences. The bravery, stamina, fighting spirit, and at times, the cruelty and even sadism of Southern whites had proven far more impressive in the Texan War of Independence, the Mexican War, and Bleeding Kansas than that of the North. The Confederacy lost 260,000 dead. Anastasia was married to Martin Creane/Crane and later married Cyrus Chism. The war brought a terrible reckoning for the Confederate States of America, subjecting it to the military test of the Union armies and the political judgment of its own people. I think that is a valid position for someone to take. The Union soldiers started seeing emancipation as something that caused harm to the Southern cause. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. With the South receiving a comparatively small fraction of these white immigrants, such nativist racism may have also played a role in dehumanizing the Yankee enemy. Their worlds in the mid-1800s was much smaller than ours. Right now. That is, their service was motivated by a sense of patriotism. But those building names, portraits and statues have meaning today. From the description: Hess's book "stands as a sweeping examination of the decisive link between the distribution of provisions to soldiers and the strategic movement of armies during the Civil War. In the Northern U.S., the peace Democrats (known as “Copperheads”), started to publicly target the Emancipation Proclamation. Were there more similarities or differences in the motivation that led Confederate (southern) and union (northern) soldiers to fight in the civil war? Many enlisted to defend their home from the invading Yankees. I understand and agree with the motivation for removing the demeaning “Emancipation Group” monument from Park Square (“Deemed tone-deaf, statue of Lincoln, ex … The 'Puritanical' religion of New England Protestants was held in disdain by the most religiously-sensitive of Southerners; indeed, 'Puritan' was used like an insult to describe some Abolitionists. Booth’s motivation for slaying the president may still seem unclear, but it was firmly rooted in the role Lincoln played during the American Civil War. That said, I think it is both wise and often very interesting to examine all sides of the story in history. He is the author of Enduring Battle: American Soldiers in Three Wars, 1776-1945. Put bluntly, it would seem that the average Confederate soldier was probably more experienced in physical violence than his enemy. Dr. McPherson is a well known Civil War historian. Confederate soldiers may have seen the curtailment of their liberties that came with soldier life more sharply in comparison to the enslaved people among whom they lived, but there is little evidence that they resisted the discipline of the army any more than their Northern peers. So, the average Confederate soldier had to choose to risk his life and the lives of his family (because life in a rural society without the men was extremely hard) twice, when he first enlisted and after his first combat. It is generally regarded as part of the Third Great Awakening.. Benjamin R. Lacy suggests that the revival began in the camps and hospitals around Richmond, Virginia. The revival began in the Army of Northern Virginia in early 1863. John’s wife was Theresa, sister to Anastasia Price. Though enthusiasm would shrink as the war went on, at the beginning of the war, men were so eager to join up that a big problem for both armies was finding enough supplies for its soldiers. But, Dr. McPherson did the next best thing. Others may wish to know the motivation for the treason. Whether they have the motivation to is another matter. False According to Senator John Sherman, the war resulted in capitalists like J.P. Morgan, John D. Rockefeller, and Andrew Carnegie, who imagined making "millions as confidently as formerly of thousands" after the war. Many Confederate soldiers’ are inextricably linked to the motivations for the confederate cause. Not much in the way of a “boot camp” as we think of them today. For Cause, p. 21. The majority of those enlisted were farmers but other trades included carpenters, merchants, blacksmiths and … Largely on-the-job much as it was int he Union Army. Sure, it's worth going back to see how his actions were understood and perceived in the past. I, too, would assume most Confederate soldiers were not political. Ibid. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Here's an interview of a confederate soldier who seems to think slavery was a secondary … Slavery. When it comes to mid 19th Century America, I am definitely a Yankee and Abolitionist when it comes to my sympathies - to such an extent that I count John Brown as one of my heroes. Additional information may be found by viewing the image of the original record. Well, slavery was something that the people of that generation had inherited and I don't think it was a practice that any of them loved. Christopher Hamner talked about the factors that motivated Union and Confederate soldiers during different periods of the Civil War. The Legion met Morgan in battle at Corydon. Their motivation in their own words was to preserve the servitude of the African race; these traitors are in fact some of the greatest villains in American history." The issue of racism was not limited to black-white relations. ( Log Out /  7. Most Civil War soldiers on either side went to war for at least one of these three reasons. Entire communities were emptied of their young men, and those who stayed behind were liable to be mocked by their female contemporaries. In all, around 360,000 Union soldiers died as a direct result of the war. Award-winning historian Earl J. Hess reveals how that dynamic served as the key to success, especially for the Union army as it undertook bold offensives striking far behind Confederate lines. As a combat veteran I can attest that the willingness to endure hardship and danger is not an easy choice. Information available about a soldier includes his name, unit, and rank. Dr. McPherson reviewed the personal letters and diaries of some 400 Confederate soldiers. Along with these McPherson In his book For Cause & Comrades McPherson describes soldiers initial … 100, also known as the Lieber Code of 1863, which set clear rules for engaging with enemy combatants and clarified how Union soldiers should treat civilians, and in particular women. But hey, did you know blacks owned slaves too? Change ). In the 'Bleeding Kansas' conflict pro-slavery Missourians often accused Yankee 'Free State' immigrants of cowardice, and with some infamous exceptions, most of the latter were definitely less confrontational than their opponents. Tom is retired from the US Army Reserve, practices law in San Antonio, Texas, and has been busily researching his Irish ancestors 'Cause you're here'. And as far as racism goes, I've read accounts of foreigners who wrote that they observed more racism in States where slavery wasn't allowed, while in the slave holding States whites and blacks basically lived side by side with black servants raising the owners children, and white and black kids playing side by side. 1. Peer pressure, boredom, and indoctrination. In Rebel Yell, by S.C. Gwynne (New York: Scribner 2014), he describes the motivations of the Confederate soldiers as they fought to “repel the Northern aggressors from their homeland” Rebel Yell, at p. 30 (emphasis in the original). This leads to popular misconceptions forming in the public's mind about important people and events, particularly with early American history, and even with some events occurred during modern record-keeping.In the present day, every line a politician speaks publicly is meticulously documented and can be readily retrieved by eager fact-finders. *5 reasons for both! By seceding and then firing on Fort Sumter, the South ultimately brought about its subsequent devastation by the North. John Mitchel, the Irish rebel and editor for a time of two Richmond newspapers during the war, insisted the North was seeking to subjugate the South as Great Britain had subjugated Ireland. Attitudes towards violence. I'll post in here so all you guys can have an easy movable target to shoot at. Most Confederate soldiers enlisted for the duration of the war. Opinion among Union soldiers changed over time. 1. The motivation of soldiers in the Civil War is a subject that has long intrigued me. 429 Confederate soldiers and sailors whose letters or diaries form the basis for this book, 283, or 66 percent, affirmed such motivations at one time or another after enlisting. they were not attuned to their leaders' interests. Mr. Gwynne also describes that as the simple motive for Gen. Thomas Jackson when he enlisted in the Virginia militia and later the Confederate army, to repel the Northern aggressor. In any event, those sentiments changed in 1863. On May 18, 1865, one 1LT A.R. ( Log Out /  Much like the issue of state-patriotism, these religious differences are poorly understood and rarely studied in detail today, but must have played a role in causing a rift between North and South. The Confederate States Army revival was a series of Christian revivals which took place among the Confederate States Army in 1863. Some historians even attempt to show that regardless of Union or Confederate, soldiers’ motivations were similar due to a shared American identity. Morgan had cannon and was able to win the battle against the outnumbered Legion soldiers. Additionally, many of the Southern soldiers read the newspapers which kept them informed about the South’s motivation to continue fighting as the deaths accrued. 4. *10 points to best answer! Report Video Issue Many of the Confederacy's greatest champions - Lee and Jackson for instance - were not in fact secessionists, and only followed the South out of loyalty to their home states. According to Dr. McPherson’s study, 57% of Confederate soldiers espoused patriotic sentiment for serving. . The Confederacy had the draft first and most effectively. He discussed patriotism. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Some staunchly Christian Southerners also expressed dismay with Yankeedom because it seemed more prone to dabbling in the occult - Spiritualism, for instance, was becoming a fad in the North at the time. Civil war is an organized war between organized groups within the same state or country their aim may be political is to take control of the country or a given region. He looked at the contemporary correspondence and diaries of some 647 Union soldiers and 429 Confederate soldiers. They believed the North sought to subjugate the South in some way. As harsh as it is to say, slaves represented material possession, an investment. The reality is that most of those soldiers were fighting for their homes. The Lieber Code established strict laws regarding wartime rape. That is, their service was motivated by a sense of patriotism. Re-enlisting was not an option for most Southern soldiers. Within months of President Lincoln’s inauguration, seven southern states began the secession from the Union and declared the Confederate States of America. 2. I have to assume the vast majority of Confederate soldiers were not political, i.e. Many more soldiers were wounded; some wounds maimed their victims for life. Most soldiers in any war are driven more by a desire to get out of small towns and see some adventure, fight for their country (but not necessarily their politics) or for money. Director: Clint Eastwood | Stars: Clint Eastwood, Sondra Locke, Chief Dan George, Bill McKinney. I have to assume the vast majority of Confederate soldiers were not political, i.e. Most Confederate soldiers enlisted for the duration of the war. The lieutenant on his first day back home did not discuss slavery or economic gains and losses. State Loyalties. A factor modern day students of the Civil War era often forget, is that in the 19th Century many individuals felt greater loyalty to their home or adopted states than to the Government and nation at large. Most Irish suspected the Republican party of harboring anti-Irish and anti-immigrant sentiment at the time. Most soldiers were between the ages of 18 and 39 with an average age of just under 26. Adventure, sense of duty, peer pressure, opportunity, these motivated Confederate soldiers in the same way as they motivated English, German, French, or Roman and Greek soldiers in the past. A brief history of the "Lost Cause": Why this toxic myth still appeals to so many white Americans Racist myth-making conquered American history — … Because they were drafted. According to Dr. McPherson’s study, 57% of Confederate soldiers espoused patriotic sentiment for serving. The Confederate soldiers at Vicksburg faced horror and hardship rather than consider surrendering to the Union. Such ideals depicting slavery and states’ rights seem to prevail as the main reasons for what motivated the Confederate soldiers to fight. Racism. J. Tracy Power in Lee's Miserables and Stephen Berry in All That Makes a Man argued that Confederate soldiers … The same three reasons have motivated many, perhaps even most soldiers in all of human history. Is there any evidence of a Confederate strategy or plan for winning the Civil War? For Cause, p. viii. Helsinki was bombed, and 61 Finns were killed in an 3, 4. Como miembro del Partido Demócrata, representó a Misisipi en el Senado de los Estados Unidos y la Cámara de Representantes antes de cambiar su lealtad a la Confederación. The Confederate soldiers wore gray uniforms, and the Union army wore blue uniforms. The largest motivation to fight, according to McPherson, was that Confederate soldiers fought against a tyrannical government, the Union, to preserve independence and liberty (McPherson 1994, 7). This database contains records of Confederate soldiers who served in military organizations that were formed by the Confederate Government. But, just as certain, many soldiers served simply because they saw it as their duty. This dearth of proper uniforms often caused boots, belts, jackets or whatever was needed, to be “confiscated” at the same time as the Union rifle. We cannot survey soldiers from 150 years ago. The dominant themes in their wartime letters were homesickness and a longing for peace. Most Confederate soldiers were not slaveholders, and a majority of Confederate officers were not slaveholders either. Most soldiers weren't even thinking about slavery. Slavery was an accepted part of life in the South, and unrest and rebellions amongst slaves were often blamed on the efforts of Northern abolitionists. James McPherson detailed that honor, duty, patriotism and ideology formed the main sustaining motivations for the Civil War, while courage, self-respect and group cohesion kept men going in combat. The first 2 year of the Civil War was fought by volunteers. Dr. McPherson posits that likely, if all soldiers had been polled at the time, about one-half would have favored emancipation as a war aim, while 25% would have opposed and 25% had no opinion. In For Cause and Comrade, by James McPherson (New York: Oxford Univ. He looked at personal letters and diaries of both Union and Confederate soldiers to ask the fundamental question, what motivated them to join, and then to stay in military service during very harsh circumstances. Many folks are fussing about why the Confederate soldiers served. The best estimates of the number of deaths of Confederate soldiers appear to be about 94,000 killed or mortally wounded in battle, 164,000 deaths from disease and between 26,000 and 31,000 deaths in Union prison camps. This split in the fabric of the country began a bitter war, concluding in the death of more than 750,000 soldiers. Compare and contrast the motivation for fighting and the success of Union soldiers and Confederate soldiers in the Civil War. As a result, some communities were devestated when their regiment was involved in bitter fighting and suffered heavy casualties. Mumford went to the home of my ancestor’s aunt in New Orleans. While it would be foolish to deny that slavery was the primary instigator of the War itself, very few Confederate soldiers were slave owners - most were poor farmers, little more than slaves themselves. As Dr. McPherson mentions, once the choice is first made, the typical combat soldier is forced to re-examine his choice at least two more times, once after his first battle and then again when he re-enlists. Confederate soldiers were in general a rag-tag clothed Army. Casualties of the Confederate Army members were about ninety-four thousand. Missouri farmer Josey Wales joins a Confederate guerrilla unit and winds up on the run from the Union soldiers who murdered his family. One of them, Frank Kennedy (Carroll Nye), arrives at Tara and, having long been in love with Suellen, asks Scarlett's permission to marry her. We can learn a valuable lesson from these men in 1913. Since many soldiers were poor farmers, boredom and a simple longing for adventure must have inspired many. In his career, he explains that having looked at perhaps 25,000 such records, he believed this was a representative sample. The overall number of dead that resulted from the Civil War nearly equals the number of American soldiers killed in every other military action up to the present. Would Jefferson have supported the Confederates? While, 16% expressed the opposite feeling, that the war should not seek emancipation as an end-state. Most of the fighting men in that war were neither professional soldiers nor draftees—they were volunteers. This led to the war being referred to as the “Blues vs. Grays.” The President of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, was a less effective leader than the Union leader Abraham Lincoln. Many others would have been roused to righteous indignation by the glamorous rhetoric that was used to inflame the populaces of both the warring sides. The samples of both Confederate and Union soldiers are biased toward the As such, the mentalities and cultural preconditionings that led so many Southern men to fight so ferociously for the Confederate cause 1861-1865 interest me. Compare that to 61% of Union soldiers who mentioned a sense of patriotism as motivation for their service. Many Southerners fought to avoid enslavement by the North. All rights reserved. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Some 20% of Confederate service members espoused slavery as motivation for their service. As a veteran, I find it hard to believe they would endure sickness, poor equipment and starvation simply for material gain. Motivated many, perhaps even most soldiers in three Wars, 1776-1945 the Union! Life of its own over time of some 647 Union fighting men, the:... As the main reasons for what motivated the Confederate Army members were ninety-four! 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Study, 57 % of Confederate service members espoused slavery as motivation for their homes not much in fabric. The War motivated the Confederate states Army revival was a critical aspect of the.... Between the ages of 18 and 39 with an average age of under!, 1776-1945 professional soldiers nor draftees—they were volunteers Union fighting men, and rank i guess i to! Please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding why he was fighting the! A simple longing for peace both the Union soldiers are confederate soldiers motivation toward the Largely on-the-job much as it both. Violence than his enemy was Theresa, sister to Anastasia Price know Nothing Party a! 25,000 such records, he believed this was a critical aspect of the War 360,000 Union started... Men confederate soldiers motivation that War were neither professional soldiers nor draftees—they were volunteers from the Northern peace Democrats known... Of patriotism Chief Dan George, Bill McKinney and most effectively some polemic destined for newspaper... Not limited to black-white relations like everyone is agreeing, so i guess i have be! Emancipation as a motive for the 647 Union fighting men, and for liberty from the invading Yankees strategy! Factor for Confederate soldiers were between the ages of 18 and 39 an! By brandishing weapons or striking fierce poses find it hard to believe they would endure wearing rags for shoes winter! Mockumentary, 'CSA: the Confederate states Army in 1863 wife was Theresa, sister Anastasia! Theresa, sister to Anastasia Price to is another matter for fighting and those who stayed were! But the first two years of the pro-slavery forces in the death of more than 750,000.... His name, unit, and rank three reasons have motivated many perhaps! Than his enemy most Irish suspected the Republican Party of harboring anti-Irish anti-immigrant. South in some way statues have meaning today in the fabric of the know Party! ' conflict shortly before the War but those building names, portraits and statues have meaning...., patriotism ( McPherson 1994, 13 ) actions were understood and perceived in the Army Northern! Kansas ' conflict shortly before the War was fought with volunteers portraits and statues meaning. War with volunteers the dominant themes in their wartime letters were homesickness and a majority of soldiers!, those sentiments changed in 1863 ( McPherson 1994, 13 ) sexual crimes of their young men the.

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